Michael Gove said ‘remain’ campaigners were spreading tales of bogeymen. But what is a bogeyman? Appropriately enough, the concept of an imagined monster is a pan-European concept which has exercised the right to free movement for centuries.
— The boggel-mann has been terrifying children in Germanic cultures since the Middle Ages, as has the bussemand in Scandinavian countries. In Dutch, he became the boeman.
— Middle English had its bugge-man and Scotland its boggarts — the latter suggesting a possible connection with marshy ground. But possibly the earliest bogeyman was bugibu, a monster in a French poem written in the 1140s.
A Treasury report claimed that leaving the EU would leave the UK economy 6% smaller by 2030. Can the Treasury forecast GDP a year ahead, let alone 14 years ahead? Some previous efforts:
|Previous year’s prediction|
After that, the Treasury handed predicting growth to the OBR.
The Queen celebrated her 90th birthday. It isn’t just the royals who are living longer.
— In 1952 life expectancy at birth was 66 for men and 70 for women. It is now 79.1 and 82.8 respectively.
— There were 300 Britons over the age of 100 in 1952. There are now 14,500, with another 527,000 over 90.
— In 1952, 1.5% of women over 65 were still working. Now, 6.5% are.
The big money
BP shareholders voted against the £13.8m pay package of chief executive Bob Dudley, although he has already been paid the money. Which FTSE bosses earn the most relative to their average employee (not accounting for part-time staff)?
|Total pay in 2014|
|Martin Sorrell, WPP||£29.8m|
|Simon Wolfson, Next||£4.6m|
|Richard Cousins, Compass||£5.5m|
|Andy Harrison, Whitbread||£6.4m|
|Peter Long, TUI Travel||£10m|
|Multiple of average employee’s earnings|
|Martin Sorrell, WPP||780|
|Simon Wolfson, Next||459|
|Richard Cousins, Compass||418|
|Andy Harrison, Whitbread||415|
|Peter Long, TUI Travel||377|
Source: High Pay Centre