Muhammad Ali died aged 74, after more than 30 years with Parkinson’s Disease. How many boxers suffer brain damage?
— A 1969 study by A.H. Roberts examined 250 retired boxers and found 17% had lesions of the nervous system.
Many had started out in the 1930s, when a professional boxing career could involve over 300 bouts; it’s fewer than 20 now.
— However, brain examinations are now much more sensitive. A 2012 study by the University of Gothenburg of 30 Swedish boxers found that 80% had protein changes indicating brain damage.
A BBC memo revealed it was seeking an ‘ethnically diverse’ presenter with a ‘northern accent’. This was the make-up of the BBC’s 19,451 staff by broad ethnic grouping when disclosed in 2011:
|Middle Near Eastern||373 (1.9%)|
The European question
Which country has the best record in the European football championship?
|3||Germany / West Germany||3|
|1||Soviet Union / Russia||3|
|1||Czechoslovakia / Czech Rep.||1|
Vote early, vote often
The Swiss voted to reject a guaranteed income for all citizens by 77% to 23%. If you find referendums a bore, don’t go to Switzerland: they have already had nine this year. The others were:
— To prohibit discrimination in taxes for married couples. Rejected 51% to 49%
— Automatic deportation for foreign criminals. Rejected 59% to 41%
— To ban speculation in food prices. Rejected 60% to 40%
— To build a second St Gotthard road tunnel. Approved 57% to 43%
— Revenue from fuel taxes only to be spent on the roads. Rejected 71% to 29%
— To impose a ban on public services being run for profit. Rejected 68% to 32%
— To allow pre-implantation genetic diagnosis of heritable diseases in embryos. Approved 62% to 38%
— To speed up asylum process and give extra rights to applicants. Approved 67% to 33%