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Barometer

The first recorded woman golfer (clue: it wasn’t Mary Queen of Scots)

Also in our Barometer column: Hitler’s referendums; Scotland’s referendums; who works from home

18 March 2017

9:00 AM

18 March 2017

9:00 AM

Mary Queen of Golf?

The vote by the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers to admit women as members has reawakened speculation as to who was the first woman to play golf.

—According to legend, Mary Queen of Scots played the game at St Andrews and coined the phrase ‘caddy’ when referring to the cadet who was carrying her clubs. Yet the evidence seems to relate to a charge made by her opponents that she played golf within days of the death of her husband, Lord Darnley.

— A more realistic candidate appeared in the Caledonian Mercury, an Edinburgh newspaper, in 1738, which reported two women playing a game at Bruntsfield Links; a ‘charming Sally’ won.

Hitler’s referendums…

The author Ian McEwan said that the EU referendum reminded him of Nazi-era plebiscites. What referendums did Hitler hold and what were the results?

On withdrawal from the
League of Nations, 1933
95% yes
Merging the posts of Chancellor
and President, 1934
88% yes
Reunification of Saar region
with Germany, 1935
91% yes
Approval for military occupation
of the Rhineland, 1936
99% yes
Approval for Anschluss between
Germany and Austria, 1938
99% yes

 

…and Scotland’s

Nicola Sturgeon is to seek a second referendum on Scottish independence. When it comes to the votes on independence in 2014 (asking Yes/No to independence) and the EU referendum last year, how is Scotland divided?

Voted No and Remain 28%
Voted No and Leave 16%
Voted Yes and Remain 21%
Voted Yes and Leave 14%
Did not vote in one or both 21%

Source: YouGov

Who stays home?

A professor giving an interview on the BBC was interrupted by his children, showing the perils of working at home. A snapshot of Britain’s home workers:

— In 2014 the Office for National Statistics recorded 4.2m as working from home, 13.9% of the population.

2.9m worked almost exclusively in their ‘home or grounds’, the rest in other places, too. This included 69,000 farmers.

— After farming, for men the commonest homeworking occupation is ‘property, housing and estate managers’ (22,000); for women, childminding (69,000).


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