The Spectator

Do ‘Workington Man’ and ‘Worcester Woman’ decide elections?

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How useful is it to characterise an election with a single anthropological specimen such as ‘Workington Man’? ‘Worcester Woman’ was identified by Tory strategists ahead of the 1997 election as a key voter who had helped John Major win, against expectations, in 1992. Worcester was then a Conservative seat. Has the city followed the national trend since?

1992: Con 46% of Worcester vote, Lab 36%

(Nationwide, Tory majority of 21)

1997: Lab 50%, Con 36%

(Labour majority of 178 seats nationwide)

2001: Lab 49%, Con 36%

(Labour majority of 166)

2005: Lab 42%, Con 35%

(Labour majority of 65)

2010: Con 40%, Lab 33%

(Hung parliament: Con/Lib Dem coalition)

2015 : Con 45%, Lab 34%

(Conservative majority of 15)

2017: Con 48%, Lab 43%

(Hung parliament: Tory minority government)

Questions of trust

Some surprising polling revelations:

1% of Brexit party voters would rather trust Jo Swinson on Brexit than Boris Johnson.

1% of Lib Dem voters would rather trust Boris Johnson on the NHS than either Jo Swinson or Jeremy Corbyn.

1% of Conservative voters would rather trust Jeremy Corbyn on the economy than Boris Johnson.

1% of Labour voters say that defence and security is the most important issue which has persuaded them to vote for the party.

Source: YouGov

Heated debate

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar was attacked for suggesting that there were ‘benefits and downsides’ to climate change, and that warmer winters would lead to fewer deaths. A group called Irish Doctors for the Environment demanded he retract his comments. But is he right?

— A 2013 study led by the Dublin Institute of Technology concluded that between 1981 and 2006 a total of 294 deaths in Ireland could be attributed to heatwaves, an average of 12 per year.

— A 2015 study led by Public Health England and published in the European Journal of Public Health concluded that in the nine winters between 2002/03 and 2010/11 a total of 11,219 deaths in Ireland could be attributed to ‘excess winter mortality’, an average of 1,246 per year.

— So there would seem to be far more scope for a warming trend in temperatures to reduce excess winter deaths than to increase excess summer deaths.