Mark Galeotti Mark Galeotti

The Black Sea is Nato’s new front line against Russia

The Russian Su-27 fighter jet dumping jet fuel on an American MQ-9 Reaper drone in March 2023 over the Black Sea (Credit: Getty images)

Earlier this month, an unarmed Polish aircraft monitoring potential human smuggling and illegal fishing on the Black Sea almost ditched into the sea when a Russian Su-35 fighter engaged it over international waters. It was a reminder that while attention is inevitably focused on the land battles anticipated when Kyiv launches its spring counter-offensive, this is also a war playing out at sea.

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