Andrew Preston

The gospel of separation according to Malcolm X

So determined was Malcolm X on black resistance and separatism that he even met secretly with the KKK, according to Les and Tamara Payne

Malcolm X speaking at a rally in Harlem in 1963. Credit: Alamy

In late April 1962 Los Angeles police shot and killed an unarmed black man, Ronald X Stokes, during a disturbance outside
a Nation of Islam temple. Malcolm X, then the second most powerful figure in the NOI, rushed to the city. At a rally he told protesters: ‘You’re brutalised because you’re black, and when they lay a club on the side of your head, they do not ask your religion.

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