The Spectator

Barometer | 16 November 2017

Also in Barometer: the iron bridge at Ironbridge was not the world’s first

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No. 2 iron

English Heritage launched a crowdfunding campaign for repairs to Abraham Darby’s 1779 bridge at Ironbridge, Shropshire. This is often called the first iron bridge in the world but in fact one was built ten years earlier to carry the Great North Road over the River Ure in North Yorks. While Darby’s bridge was built to show off its iron structure, the Ure bridge’s cast-iron beams were disguised by stone paving slabs. As the main road from London to Scotland, it bore far heavier loads than the Darby bridge — until 1945 when it finally collapsed.

Carbon culprits

Global carbon emissions are predicted to rise by 2 per cent this year — the first increase for several years. Which countries are, officially, the worst offenders?

Qatar

45.4

Curacao

37.7

Trinidad-Tobago

34.2

Kuwait

25.2

Bahrain

23.4

Brunei

22.1

Saudi Arabia

19.5

Sint Maarten

19.5

Luxembourg

17.4

US

16.5

UK

6.5

Source: World Bank

Pay stations

Southern Railway train drivers accepted a 28 per cent pay rise over five years, taking their basic salary for a four-day week to £63,000 and putting them in the top 7 per cent of UK earners. With overtime, they get £75,000, lifting them into the top 5 per cent. How much pre-tax pay is needed to reach each stage of the top 10 per cent?

10%

£51,400

9%

£54,000

8%

£57,000

7%

£60,700

6%

£65,400

5%

£71,700

4%

£80,300

3%

£92,900

2%

£112,000

1%

£162,000

Source: ONS

Leave or Remain?

Has the NHS in England really been losing EU nationals from its staff since Britain voted to leave the European Union?

in post 30 June 2016 / in post 30 June 2017

Doctors

9,695 / 10,136

Registrars

3,190 / 3,215

Trainee doctors (foundation years 1 and 2)

779 / 950

Nurses and health visitors

20,907 / 20,618

Midwives

1,220 / 1,247

Ambulance staff

250 / 386

Scientific/therapeutic/technical

6,112 / 6,957

Source: NHS Digital