The Spectator

Barometer | 28 September 2017

Also in Barometer: who drives for Uber, and who sent the first postcard?

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Lost in the post

Postcard maker J. Salmon is to close after almost 140 years, because holidaymakers now send phone selfies rather than cards.

— What is believed to be the very first postcard was a selfie of sorts. It was a caricature of postal workers that practical joker Theodore Hook sent to himself in Fulham using a penny black stamp in 1840, the year the penny post was introduced.

— It was another 30 years before postcards were officially accepted by the Royal Mail, and the now standard design of a picture on the front, address and message on the back was established only in 1902.

— Mr Hook’s card was sold at auction in 2002 for £31,750.

Pay walls

Which countries have the largest pay gaps between men and women, in a survey of 33 countries? The figures below give female earnings as a percentage of male. (Only in three countries, Egypt, Nigeria and UAE, are women paid more than men overall.)

OVERALL

Mexico

-31

Brazil

-30

UK

-29

Netherlands

-25

Egypt

+34

Nigeria

+7.3

UAE

+0.7

Romania

-9.3

SAME JOB AND EMPLOYER

-1.6

Mexico

-2.9

Brazil

-1.6

UK

-0.8

Netherlands

-1.0

Egypt

+0.1

Nigeria

+0.4

UAE

+2.1

Romania

-1.9

Source: Korn Ferry Hay Group

Steering group

Transport for London refused to renew Uber’s licence to operate cabs. In a survey of 20 American cities, Uber drivers were:

Male

86%

Aged 18-29

19%

30-39

30%

40-49

26%

50+

24%

Have degrees

48%

White

37%

Black

18%

Hispanic

16%

Asian

15%

Married

50%

Parents

46%

Source: Uber

Wordless protest

Some players in America’s National Football League are refusing to stand for their national anthem in a racism protest and in defiance of President Donald Trump. But would they even know the words? Percentage of citizens who know the first verse of their national anthems:

Australia

71%

(figure for second verse, 2014 poll by Jack Daniel’s)

UK

68%

(YouGov 2014)

Switzerland

56%

(DemoSCOPE 2011)

USA

39%

(ABC 2004)