The Spectator

How many countries have been ruled by a Boris?

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Leaders called Boris

How many countries have been ruled by a Boris?

— Russia has had two Borises in charge. Boris Godunov was tsar between 1598 and 1605, during the Time of Troubles, and was credited with improving education in the country, importing foreign teachers and sending Russian children abroad for schooling. Boris Yeltsin was president of Russia from July 1991 to December 1999, becoming the first post-communist leader of the country.

— Bulgaria had three King Borises. Boris I, ruler between 852 and 889, introduced the country to Christianity. Boris II (969-977) fought the Byzantine Wars and was accidentally shot by one of his own border guards. Boris III (1918-43) has been praised for resisting the rounding-up of Bulgarian Jews demanded by Hitler. He died after returning from a meeting with Hitler and

it is claimed he was poisoned.

— Boris Trajkovski was president of the Republic of Macedonia from 1999 to 2004, and struggled to establish his newly independent country. He was killed in a plane crash.

Hard rains

Responding to floods in Yorkshire and Derbyshire, the Environment Agency claimed that intense rainfall events are becoming more common thanks to climate change. How long ago were records for intense rainfall set?

Highest rainfall in:

Year

5 minutes

1893

30 minutes

1953

One hour

1901

90 minutes

1967

2 hours

1956

3 hours

1968

24 hours

1955

2 days

2015

3 days

2009

4 days

2009

1 month

2015

Source: Met Office

Where to look for work

Employment in the UK fell by 58,000 but the unemployment rate also fell, to 3.8 per cent. Where in the OECD are you most and least likely to find a job?

Highest unemployment

South Africa

28.8%

Greece

17.4%

Spain

14.1%

Turkey

13.8%

Colombia

10.7%

Italy

9.9%

France

8.4%

Lowest unemployment

Czech Republic

2%

Japan

2.3%

Germany

3.1%

Norway/Netherlands

3.3%

Mexico

3.5%

US

3.6%

Israel

3.7%

UK

3.8%