Suzi Feay

Learned necromancers and lascivious witches: magic and misogyny through the ages

While male magicians with their manuscript grimoires were respected for centuries throughout Europe, poor, illiterate women were demonised, says Owen Davies

‘Saul and the Witch of Endor’ by Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen (1526), showing a semi-naked crone consulting a volume held by a satyr, is typical of the misogyny of the age. [Getty Images]

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