Bismarck

‘Houses of Parliament, Sunlight Effect’, 1903, by Claude Monet

How war – and fog – saw London become a haven for the impressionists

28 October 2017 9:00 am

Madame Monet was bored. Wouldn’t you have been? Exiled to London in the bad, cold winter of 1870–71. In rented…

Rostock, in north Germany, joined the Hanseatic League in 1251. It has one of the oldest universities in Europe and was a major ship-building city for the Baltic

Germany’s history might have been as peaceful (and dull) as Switzerland’s

29 April 2017 9:00 am

Go into any high street bookshop and find the European history section. There’s usually a shelf or two on France…

Published in France during the Siege of Paris, a caricature shows Wilhelm I carving up Europe with a knife inscribed ‘Bismarck’

A century of violence — from Waterloo to the Great War

3 September 2016 9:00 am

The Penguin History of Europe reaches its seventh volume (out of nine) with Richard J. Evans’s thorough and wide-ranging work…

The Emperor Maximilian I by Bernhard Strigel

The Holy Roman Empire has been much maligned

23 January 2016 9:00 am

The Holy Roman Empire has been much maligned over the centuries. In fact it worked remarkably well, says Jonathan Steinberg

Portrait of Lord Dufferin, 1893

The first Lord Dufferin: the eclipse of a most eminent Victorian

28 February 2015 9:00 am

The first Marquess of Dufferin and Ava is largely forgotten today — rotten luck for the great diplomat of the…

Iron in the blood

26 March 2011 12:00 am

How curious that such an outsize man, in physique as well as personality, should be remembered today mainly for giving his name to a small fish.