The Spectator

Barometer | 1 June 2017

Also in Barometer: what kills us on the roads; where did the white afro begin; how do police use terrorism powers?

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Afrodisiac

Diane Abbott likened her rejection of earlier pro-terror sympathies to losing her afro hairstyle. To African-Americans in the 1960s, the afro was a rejection of black attempts to ape white styles. Yet 100 years earlier it was seen as an epitome of white beauty. In 1864, a P. T. Barnum show in New York, featured a ‘Circassian beauty’, said to be from the Northern Caucasus. A German physiologist had cited these Black Sea people as the ‘purest example’ of the white race. The woman had a huge ball of moss-like hair. Some say the style came from Circassian women captured as sex slaves for Turkish harems — their hair was shampooed in beer to appear African.

Lucky dip

The Conservative poll lead fell to just 5 per cent. Toris can take heart from ICM polls leading up to Tony Blair’s 1997 landslide:

Lab %

2 March

48

31 March

46

7 April

46

14 April

45

21 April

42

30 April

43

Result (1 May)

44.4

Source: ICM/Guardian

Con %

2 March

30

31 March

32

7 April

34

14 April

31

21 April

37

30 April

33

Result (1 May)

31.4

Source: ICM/Guardian

Terror by numbers

Temporary exclusion orders, which can stop British citizens re-entering the country, have been used just once. How often are other anti-terror measures used?

Section 44 stop and searches (allowed without reasonable suspicion): 550,000 were carried out from 2007-08 to 2011,

of which 3,000 led to arrests.

Section 43 stop and searches (requiring reasonable suspicion that the subject is a terrorist): 5,046 since 2011.

Control orders: used against 52 people from 2005 to their abolition in 2011.

TPIMs (watered-down control orders):

6 had been used up to last October.

Prosecutions for terrorism offences: 242 from 2009 to 2015; 193 led to convictions.

Source: House of Commons Library

Driven to death

200 motorists a day are being caught using a mobile phone, despite tougher laws. How were 2015’s 1,566 road deaths attributed?

Impairment by alcohol

137

Illness or disability, mental/physical

121

Fatigue

68

Impairment by drugs

67

Distraction inside vehicle

66

Driver using mobile phone

22

Defective eyesight

10

Source: Department for Transport