Nick Cohen

How alt-right was Roman Britain?

How alt-right was Roman Britain?
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Over the weekend I, like a good dozen others, endured the Twitter rage of Nassim Nicholas Taleb, an old man who rolls around like a drunk trying to prove he’s still the toughest hombre at the bar. He’s the sort of guy who screams at the Cambridge classicist Mary Beard:

Ha! Trying to decredentialize me w/"pop risk" nonsense will backfire: I get more academic citations per year than you got all your life!

— NassimNicholasTaleb (@nntaleb) August 2, 2017

He’s the sort of guy, who, when I and others objected that bragging about his citations was a ‘crass’ way to behave, cried:

Because Mr Cohen, you're an imbecile. She went SOLELY after my credentials, I put mine in perspective to hers.


— NassimNicholasTaleb (@nntaleb) August 3, 2017

He’s the sort of guy who when I replied:

What would be the point of that? Ne respondeas stulto iuxta stultitiam suam ne efficiaris ei similis - as Ms Beard would doubtless say

— Nick Cohen (@NickCohen4) August 3, 2017

Can come back with:

He’s that hard. Don’t try to f- with him in ancient or modern languages, or middle English  for that matter. He could have you with one hand behind his back. 'Kappish?' – as he is fond of saying.

Taleb, if you haven’t heard of him, is an economist and the author of The Black Swan. It sold well because Taleb purported to explain why the experts never saw the 2008 crash coming. The debunking of authority figures is always pleasurable. I bought it and, to my shame, admired it until friends with a sceptical intelligence pointed out that Taleb was also the kind of guy who could say in 2009:

Complex systems do not like debt. So it will proceed to destroy tens of trillions in debt until society rebuilds itself in an ultraconservative manner. We are in for a worse ride than people think.

Read that passage again. Clear your mind and try it for a third time. Leaving aside the fact that the first sentence makes no sense, complex societies did not rebuild themselves in an ultraconservative manner after 2009, and eight -years on we are still waiting for Taleb’s Armageddon.

The spat would not be worth mentioning if it did not show how nothing is now free from the culture war. That nothing includes the skin colours of the population of Roman Britain.

You may need to bear with me as I explain. In December, BBC Teach released on YouTube a video about life in Roman Britain. Shockingly, as it was to turn out, it featured a Roman with dark skin. An editor working for Infowars went on the attack. ‘Thank God the BBC is portraying Roman Britain as ethnically diverse. I mean, who cares about historical accuracy, right?’ Infowars, in case you haven’t heard of it either, is run by Alex Jones. You can call him a cynic or you can call him a madman, according to taste, but he has built his income by spawning the most grotesque conspiracy theories. Like Taleb, he wouldn’t be worth bothering with, were it not a matter of record that Donald Trump is a fan. The fringe has become the mainstream, as I keep saying. Those who don’t fight the cranks before they become powerful are doomed to be governed by them when they do.

Mary Beard said on Twitter that the BBC’s history lesson was ‘indeed pretty accurate, there's plenty of firm evidence for ethnic diversity in Roman Britain’. Taleb jumped in, and half the creeps on cyberspace followed him. Genetic evidence did not show blacks were in Roman Britain, he said, or I should say appeared to say – his argument was hard to follow, ‘Genes better statisticians than historian hearsay bullshit,' Taleb continued.

I must try to be fair. Taleb may appear to be a strutting, preening, loudmouthed lout. He may boast like a secretly insecure phoney and rage like a punch-drunk lightweight. He may defend Alex Jones and be followed by trolls who haven’t kissed a woman since their mothers made them leave home. That doesn’t make him wrong. ‘You don't f-ing understand that "looking good" and *what people think of me* has NEVER been part of my agenda?’ he told me:

You don't fucking understand that "looking good" and *what people think of me* has NEVER been part of my agenda?

— NassimNicholasTaleb (@nntaleb) August 5, 2017

So let us see how the evidence stacks up. It is indeed true that the ‘People of the British Isles’ study found no evidence of the 400-year Roman occupation in the genetic makeup of the British. But then it found no genetic evidence that the Danes invaded. That doesn’t mean the Romans and the Danes weren’t here.

Adam Rutherford has just published A Brief History of Everyone Who Ever Lived, a wonderful book which takes the reader through the exploding science of what genes tell us about human history. After he had told me that some of the assertions Taleb was coming out with made no sense at all, Rutherford explained that DNA from Roman remains is hard to find and harder still to examine. ‘It is certainly possible to reconstruct certain aspects of historical demography from DNA extracted from bones, but the picture will never be complete. Some people assert facts based on DNA evidence trumps all we believe’ – he may have been thinking of Taleb here - but ‘DNA is merely another strand of historical evidence, which only works in concert with the more traditional forms of knowing the past.’

And those other strands show that the multinational Roman Empire brought its multinational citizens to Britain. Beard said she thought that the BBC character was loosely based on Quintus Lollius Urbicus, a man from what is now Algeria, who became governor of Britain. For classical historians, the notion that Roman Britain included people from across the empire is ‘pretty well taken for granted, as a starting point for more detailed and interesting investigations,’ as Neville Morley of Exeter University says.

It is surely not too much of a stretch to believe that the elite of Roman Britain was multi-cultural while the peasants, like the peasantry everywhere until the modern era, tended to live, have children and die where they were born. Perhaps it was not just the elite. A study of graves in Roman York found the bodies of men and women from Africa and Middle East. Frankly all but the most hopeless cases would expect it to.

The last thing this debate is about is history, however. The Trump presidency and the rise of nationalist movements across Europe is politicising the past. If you are Trumpian blowhard, you see an innocuous BBC cartoon showing a black Roman in Britain as an affront. Even if you do not feel affronted, you know you can whip up your supporters to feel offended. For if you do not keep them in a state of perpetual outrage, the wheels would fall off your bandwagon, and then where would you be?

A black face in these circumstances is a provocation and a lie: “bullshit” to use another of the great public intellectual’s favourite words. Indeed, it is worse than a lie: it is propaganda from the globalist multicultural elite, designed to brainwash the masses into believing diversity is a part of our history.

The effort is sinister for two reasons. I am not the type of liberal who throws accusations of racism around. But come now. The torrent of fury Taleb unleashed on Beard has one cause and one cause only: her statement that Roman Britain was diverse. If she had intervened on a controversy about slavery and the agrarian Roman economy, no one would have cared.

Second, and in my view just as sinister, is what the alt-right and politically correct left are doing to public life. Of course, every historian is influenced by the passions of his or her age. But the procedures of the discipline exist to keep them in check. It may well be that what they find pleases none of our modern ideologues. But that’s just tough. Kappish?