Gender discrimination is illegal in Britain – but tell that to the recession. It has hit male jobs harder than female jobs and in a cover story for this week’s Spectator, Matthew Lynn looks behind it. This has been, he says, a Mancession, where "the jobs lost in the last two years have tended to be ones done by men, whereas the preponderance of new vacancies are in areas of the economy in which women do best." I asked the ONS for the official figures – and here they are:
They show that, if you count everyone in Britain employed over the age of 16, there has been a 3.9 percent reduction in male jobs and just a 0.8 percent reduction in female jobs. In actual numbers, the recession has (so far) taken 622,000 male jobs and 113,000 female jobs: a ratio of five-to-one. And the female/male mix is pretty even (woman are 47% or workforce). But, you might say, surely men dominate the workplace anyway? Not anymore. As Matthew points out:
"When US employment data for [January 2010] was published, economists noticed that, for the first time, there were more women working in America than men — 64.2 million compared to 63.4 million, to be precise. That represents a huge demographic shift: in 1950, more than twice as many men had jobs as women.
The same socio-economic revolution is happening in Britain, although as usual we are a few years behind the Americans. Today, we have 15.3 million men at work, compared with 13.5 million women. That difference, 1.8 million, was 2.4 million just two years ago. If this trend continues, by 2013 there should be more women working than men."
So we would be fooling ourselves to think that the man-cession is a blip trend that will unwind when the recession is over. Below is one of the most striking graphs that I have come across: it shows that economic inactivity (ie those neither in work, nor looking for it) has remained pretty level in Britain over the last three decades. But this ‘UK average’ masks a stunning rise in male inactivity, coupled to a fall in that of female inactivity. Every time there is a recession (shown in the blue bit) the male inactivity just gets ratcheted up to an ever-higher level.