Horatio Clare

The treatment of mental illness continues to be a scandal

We have merely exchanged brutal experiments for the overprescription of dangerous drugs, with Big Pharma the chief beneficiary, says Andrew Scull

Dr Walter Freeman, Professor of Neurology at George Washington University, demonstrates his new surgical technique of ‘transorbital lobotomy’ at Western State Hospital in 1949. [Getty Images]

Already a subscriber? Log in

This article is for subscribers only

Subscribe today to get 3 months' delivery of the magazine, as well as online and app access, for only £3.

There’s no commitment, you can cancel any time.

  • Weekly delivery of the magazine
  • Unlimited access to our website and app
  • Enjoy Spectator newsletters and podcasts
  • Explore our online archive, going back to 1828


A blooming good offer

Join the conversation with other Spectator readers by getting the next 3 months for £3.

Already a subscriber? Log in